Unearth your Jewish heritage. Knowing the type of photo can still leave a large time period, but if you know the subject of the photo, your genealogical research should be able to help you narrow that. When was the subject born? Did he live in a city or a small town? What work did he do? Both the men in my photo are young, but one appears to be older than the other, and he has arm slung around his younger brother’s shoulders. Both are holding cigars. The elder is wearing a watch chain and a pinky ring. Sadly, the age difference doesn’t help me much. Michael was seven years older than Peter, who was seven years older than Timothy.
How to Determine the Age of a Photograph
Description[ edit ] Collodion process, mostly synonymous with the “collodion wet plate process”, requires the photographic material to be coated, sensitized, exposed and developed within the span of about fifteen minutes, necessitating a portable darkroom for use in the field. Collodion is normally used in its wet form, but can also be used in humid “preserved” or dry form, at the cost of greatly increased exposure time.
The latter made the dry form unsuitable for the usual portraiture work of most professional photographers of the 19th century.
City Life, Dating Photographs, Fashion History, Genealogy, history, lowell, Massachusetts, minutiae 10 Comments Carte de visite Dating Photographs family historians Photography Tintype Victorian fashion.
Technical details[ edit ] There are two historic tintype processes: In the wet process, a collodion emulsion containing suspended silver halide crystals had to be formed on the plate just before it was exposed in the camera while still wet. Chemical treatment then reduced the crystals to microscopic particles of metallic silver in proportion to the intensity and duration of their exposure to light, resulting in a visible image. The later and more convenient dry process was similar but used a gelatin emulsion which could be applied to the plate long before use and exposed in the camera dry.
In both processes, a very underexposed negative image was produced in the emulsion. Its densest areas, corresponding to the lightest parts of the subject, appeared gray by reflected light. The areas with the least amount of silver, corresponding to the darkest areas of the subject, were essentially transparent and appeared black when seen against the dark background provided by the lacquer. The image as a whole therefore appeared to be a dull-toned positive. To obtain as light-toned an image as possible, potassium cyanide , a very dangerous and powerful deadly poison, was normally employed as the photographic fixer.
How to Date Your Old Photos
Etymology[ edit ] The coining of the word “photography” is usually attributed to Sir John Herschel in Camera obscura Principle of a box camera obscura with mirror A natural phenomenon, known as camera obscura or pinhole image, can project a reversed image through a small opening onto an opposite surface. This principle may have been known and used in prehistoric times. The earliest known written record of the camera obscura is to be found in Chinese writings called Mozi , dated to the 4th century BCE.
Until the 16th century the camera obscura was mainly used to study optics and astronomy, especially to safely watch solar eclipses without damaging the eyes. In the later half of the 16th century some technical improvements were developed:
Everything you need in a step-by-step guide to help you establish a reliable date of your 19th century card photographs. Read More. Also Available. Cased Images and Tintype KwikGuide and. Real Photo Poscards KwikGuide.
Deduping is a batch process that prevents confusion in the minds of users, conserves computer storage , and allows reliable usage statistics to be collected. Synonymous with duplicate removal and duplicate resolution. As a legal instrument, deed is distinguished from title, which is a legal right. Although title is sometimes used synonym ously with deed, the latter is normally used only in the narrower sense of the actual instrument.
Click here to see a 16th-century English title deed written on parchment and here to see an 18th-century American example signed by Daniel Boone, courtesy of The Lilly Library at Indiana University. Deep linking raises digital rights issues, particularly for commercial entities that derive income from advertising on their main page. Likelihood of litigation depends on the type of site involved and the nature of the content access ed. Libraries should seek permission before deep linking from their Web page s.
The number of document s available in the deep web is estimated to be times greater than the amount of content retrievable via conventional search engines the “surface Web” , with over half of the “hidden” content residing in topic -specific searchable databases. CompletePlanet is an example of Internet services specifically designed to provide access to information buried deep in the Web.
See also OAIster and Wikipedia. Synonymous with invisible web. The term is also used for password -protected Web content available only to authorized user s members, subscriber s, etc.
Photo of Billy the Kid and Pat Garrett, Purchased for $10, Could Be Worth Millions
Great music from an all-female! In fact, it’s not even close. Her abusive, redneck husband regularly pockets her tips so he can go out drinking with the boys, and now she’s accidentally pregnant with a baby she has no interest in.
A tintype, also known as a melainotype or ferrotype, is a photograph made by creating a direct positive on a thin sheet of metal coated with a dark lacquer or enamel and used as the support for the photographic es enjoyed their widest use during the s and s, but lesser use of the medium persisted into the early 20th century and it has been revived as a novelty and fine.
A family at the seaside, c. They were still being made by while-you-wait street photographers as late as the s. The ferrotype process was a variation of the collodion positive, and used a similar process to wet plate photography. A very underexposed negative image was produced on a thin iron plate. It was blackened by painting, lacquering or enamelling, and coated with a collodion photographic emulsion. The dark background gave the resulting image the appearance of a positive.
Unlike collodion positives, ferrotypes did not need mounting in a case to produce a positive image. The ability to utilise a very under exposed image meant that a photographer could prepare, expose, develop, and varnish a ferrotype plate in just a few minutes. Why are ferrotypes also known as tintypes? You can read more about the history and naming of the ferrotype on the George Eastman House website.
Use these clues to identify a ferrotype Material These were made using a thin sheet of iron coated with black enamel and can be identified using a magnet.
Contact Dating Tintypes – The earliest tintypes were on heavy metal. They are stamped “Neff’s Melainotype Pat 19 Feb 56” along one edge. Sizes range from one-sixth plate to full plate see appendix El. Many are found in gilt frames or in the leather or plastic thermomolded cases of the earlier ambro-types. After the paper holders are embossed rather than printed.
A tintype, also known as a melainotype or ferrotype, is a photograph made by creating a direct positive on a thin sheet of metal coated with a dark lacquer or enamel and used as the support for the photographic emulsion. Tintypes enjoyed their widest use during the s and s, but lesser use of the medium persisted into the early 20th century and it has been revived as a novelty and fine art form in the 21st.
Additional links to images of similar bottles are also frequently included. The array of references used to support the conclusions and estimates found here – including the listed dating ranges – are noted. Additional information and estimates are based on the empirical observations of the author over 50 years of experience; a fact often but not always noted. Various terminology is used in the descriptions that may be unfamiliar if you have not studied other pages on this site.
If a term is unfamiliar, first check the Bottle Glossary page for an explanation or definition. As an alternative, one can do a search of this website. The foods available during the 19th century and before were often of dubious quality and taste – or at least bland – necessitating the use of a wide array of sauces to either enhance the flavor or cover up off-flavors Rinker Given this fact, sauces and condiment bottles are very commonly associated with historic sites dating from the entire time span covered by this website, i.
Sauces and condiments are lumped together in this section due to the similarity of the products, i. Sauces are usually considered condiments, though not all condiments are sauces – if one defines sauce as being more liquid than not.
Early image on a thin iron plate resembling tin. By far the most common of the three for sports subjects. Early mage on a silver-coated copper plate.
The history of photography began in remote antiquity with the discovery of two critical principles; the camera obscura image projection and the observation that some substances are visibly altered by exposure to light. Apart from a very uncertain process used on the Turin Shroud there are no artefacts or descriptions that indicate any attempt to capture images with light sensitive materials.
There is no tin in the tintype. It is a blackened iron sheet. A Photograph for the Masses The tintype photograph saw more uses and captured a wider variety of settings and subjects than any other photographic type. It was introduced while the daguerreotype was still popular, though its primary competition would have been the ambrotype. The tintype saw the Civil War come and go, documenting the individual soldier and horrific battle scenes.
It captured scenes from the Wild West, as it was easy to produce by itinerate photographers working out of covered wagons. It began losing artistic and commercial ground to higher quality albumen prints on paper in the mid s, yet survived for well over another 40 years, living mostly as a carnival novelty. Is My Image a Tintype? The tintype is very easy to identify if it is loose or in a simple sleeve.
It is a thin iron sheet. However, it is frequently confused with an ambrotype if it is in a case. Earliest examples of tintypes were cased just like ambrotypes and daguerreotypes.
Items from the Renowned Eric C. Caren Archive Come to Auction at Cowan’s This September
Northwest Arkansas Air and Military Museum: Arkansas and Missouri Railroad: Travel over the Boston Mountains aboard beautifully restored turn-of-the-century cars , passing over three high trestles and through the Winslow tunnel. Three regular excursions are offered:
The Brighton Swimming Club. The Brighton Swimming Club was established following a meeting of swimming enthusiasts at The Jolly Fisherman in Brighton’s Market Street, on 4th May The founder members included George Brown, John Henry Camp, Charles Hindley, J. Nyren, W. Patching, R. Ward, and George Worsley.
We all have old family photos. These may be loose or in albums or they may be in the form of postcards or even fragile black and grey glass negatives. So what about dating? Photography started in but at that time was really in the hands of a few scientists, professionals or wealthy amateurs. Not many family photographs exist from that era unless they are beautiful images on a polished silver plate that looks like a mirror. These are daguerreotypes as invented by Daguerre in France.
Lee died five years after the Civil War ended, the cause of his death had doctors stumped. He had been in poor health, but his specific illness was a mystery; there weren’t many clues beyond symptoms Lee had described in letters. This was before electrocardiograms and x-rays existed.
Photographers – Great Britain & Ireland Information from the world’s largest collection of British and Irish carte de visite photographs and from 30 years of trade directory and census research.
Thank you to t he following for allowing me to reproduce their photographs , other images and in some cases, their poetry.: Dagmawi is attempting to ascertain which John Horsburgh is the subject of this painting and which Edith M Horsburgh is the artist. David has asked a few questions about these photos. Steve Aitken, Glasgow, Scotland – now moved to Blackburn, Lancashire, England – – for permission to reproduce a photograph of the back of a Parisian Photo Co cabinet print, and other photos from his family album.
Bill Aldred, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland, for allowing me to reproduce a photograph of the Bruce Peebles workforce, taken in John Alexander for allowing me to reproduce photos of his group, Plastic Meringue, that played in Casablanca Discotheque, Edinburgh, in the late s. Kerry Alexander, Gracemount, Edinburgh, for allowing me to reproduce some of her family photos.
The family used to live in Dumbiedykes. John Alsop for allowing me to include some Edinburgh railway photographs from his collection on this web site. Thank you also to Nick Catford, Kent, England, for drawing my attention to these photos. Steve Anderson, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia for allowing me to reproduce his photographs of the gravestone of bagpipe maker and photographer, John Center.
Stuart Anderson for allowing me to reproduce this photograph of a cart parked outside the main entrance to Holyrood Palace, beneath the coat of arms. Anta Architecture, Fearn, Tain, Ross, Scotland, for allowing me to reproduce their vision of how the Caltongate site in Edinburgh could be developed following a traditionally Scottish theme. He was the son of James Charles Haliburton Balmain who had photographic studios in Edinburgh from